Remedy 1: Reviews of capabilities leading to action plans for rationalisation of current non-satellite observational capabilities

Primary gap remedy type: 
Secondary gap remedy type: 
Proposed remedy description: 

Undertake reviews of high-quality observational assets to assess potential value of different reconfigurations of capabilities to address multiple potential applications. These assessments may be carried out nationally, regionally, or internationally. The assessments must be guided to the extent available by quantitative research and well-formulated stakeholder needs. The reviews would lead to steps towards consolidation of facilities where a clear overall benefit to multiple data stakeholders is identified in doing so. The analysis may be facilitated by activities such as OSSEs, short period field campaigns or other activities, which permit a quantitative assessment of the benefits of collocating capabilities. It may also make use of a number of existing instrument-rich sites such as the US department of energys Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Southern Great Plains site, Ny Alesund, Lindenberg, Lauder, and others. It may build on work assessing the observational entropy of different measurement configurations (Madonna et al., 2014)


The remedy would lead to rationalisation of observing capabilities to selected super-sites where justified.

Measurable outcome of success: 

Evidence of more strategic decision-making and long-term planning in research infrastructure investments and progressive creation of more co-located facilities.

Expected viability for the outcome of success: 
  • Medium
Scale of work: 
  • Programmatic multi-year, multi-institution activity
Time bound to remedy: 
  • Less than 5 years
Indicative cost estimate (investment): 
  • High cost (> 5 million)
Indicative cost estimate (exploitation): 
  • Yes
Potential actors: 
  • Copernicus funding
  • National funding agencies
  • National Meteorological Services
  • WMO
  • ESA, EUMETSAT or other space agency